Ghislaine Maxwell’s sex-trafficking trial wrapped up sooner than anticipated, with testimony spanning 12 days somewhat than the anticipated six weeks. The protection known as solely eight witnesses on Thursday and Friday earlier than resting its case.
The socialite, who turns 60 on Christmas Day, is accused of recruiting teenage women for Jeffrey Epstein, the late multimillionaire and her former boyfriend, to sexually exploit via “massages” within the Nineties and early 2000s. She additionally was accused of abusing some victims herself. She has pleaded not guilty and denied any involvement with Epstein’s intercourse crimes.
The jury started deliberating late within the afternoon on Monday after closing arguments and can resume their discussions on Tuesday morning.
Prosecutors known as 24 witnesses in 10 days, together with the 4 victims listed within the indictment in opposition to Maxwell who have been as young as 14 when Epstein molested them. Two accusers testified below the pseudonyms “Jane” and “Kate”; a 3rd, Carolyn, used her first identify; and the final, Annie Farmer, was recognized by her full identify. The ladies described Maxwell because the financier’s chief confederate who recruited them into his teenage intercourse ring, groomed them, and facilitated the abuse at his houses around the globe.
The trial shed new mild on the bond between Epstein and Maxwell, the lifetime of luxurious they loved whereas allegedly abusing women from damaged houses or whose households struggled financially, and the supposed code of silence they imposed on their staff.
Right here have been a number of the trial’s largest bombshells:
Sufferer “Jane” mentioned Maxwell and Epstein abused her throughout group intercourse
The first victim to testify, “Jane” mentioned that when Epstein and Maxwell started abusing her when she was solely 14 in 1994, Maxwell “appeared very informal” and “prefer it was very regular” and “not an enormous deal.” The couple allegedly started to coach her sexually and embody her in group sexual encounters with different grownup ladies. Jane shared the primary names of several women who allegedly participated in group sexual encounters along with her when she was underage: Eva, Sophie, Michelle, and a British lady named Emmy.
Jane claims Maxwell and Epstein recruited her when she was attending the distinguished Interlochen summer camp, the place Epstein was a donor and had use of a “scholarship lodge” when he visited the Michigan faculty yearly. Jane advised jurors she had simply misplaced her father to most cancers and was residing along with her mom and siblings in a household buddy’s pool home. Based on Jane, Epstein paid for her voice classes, non-public faculty in New York, and different payments her mom couldn’t afford. When she first visited the pool at Epstein’s Florida property, she noticed “not less than 4 ladies and Ghislaine all topless, and a few of them have been bare.”
“Kate” mentioned Maxwell pressured her to put on a schoolgirl uniform
The 44-year-old British lady testified that Maxwell started grooming her when she was 17 in 1994. Kate met Maxwell throughout a visit to Paris along with her boyfriend, who was an Oxford classmate of the socialite. Maxwell, who was in her thirties, invited Kate to tea at her London townhouse weeks later. “I used to be fairly excited to be buddies along with her,” Kate testified, including: “I felt that I had discovered a brand new connection that might be actually significant to me.”
However that friendship turned darkish, Kate testified, after Maxwell launched her to Epstein and urged her to provide him massages that rapidly turned sexual. “She mentioned that he wanted massages on a regular basis and it was very tough to maintain up,” Kate mentioned. When she was 18, Maxwell and Epstein invited her to Palm Seashore, the place Maxwell allegedly directed her to wear a schoolgirl costume. Based on Kate, Maxwell handed her a tray of tea and directed her to serve the money-manager, who then engaged in a intercourse act along with her. “She requested me if I had enjoyable, and advised me that I used to be such a great woman, and that I used to be one in every of his favorites,” Kate mentioned. (As a result of Kate was of the age of consent within the U.Ok. throughout this sample of abuse, jurors have been instructed that she’s not a sufferer as charged within the indictment.)
Carolyn advised Epstein and Maxwell she was too younger to journey with them
The Florida lady advised jurors that she was molested by Epstein from the age of 14 to 18—when she turned “too previous” for the intercourse predator, who ultimately requested her if she had any “youthful buddies.” Carolyn testified that from 2001 to 2004, Maxwell would assist schedule her “therapeutic massage” classes and greet her within the kitchen when she confirmed up. “She would simply let me know that Mr. Epstein can be again, he was on a jog or he was—he’d be again any second,” Carolyn mentioned. “I might go upstairs and arrange.”
Carolyn mentioned she confided in Epstein and Maxwell about trauma in her previous: Her grandfather raped her and had molested her beginning when she was 4, and her mom was hooked on medicine and alcohol. She added that the couple knew her age, as a result of after they invited her to go to Epstein’s U.S. Virgin Islands compound, she advised Maxwell “that I used to be too younger, and there’s no means in hell my mother was going to let me depart the nation.” Regardless of this, Carolyn claims, Maxwell continued reserving the therapeutic massage classes and even groped her in the future when she was establishing the therapeutic massage desk. “She got here in and felt my boobs and my hips and my buttocks and mentioned … that I had an amazing physique for Mr. Epstein and his buddies.”
Annie Farmer mentioned she was pressured to provide Epstein a foot rub earlier than Maxwell groped her
Now 42, Farmer recalled a nightmarish weekend alone with Epstein and Maxwell in New Mexico—a weekend journey her mom believed can be a tutorial gathering for 20 to 25 college students. She was a 16-year-old woman, the couple have been of their thirties and forties, they usually took her purchasing and to a movie show, the place she mentioned Epstein “immediately started to carry my hand and caress it” and “rub on my foot and on my arm.”
After they returned to Epstein’s ranch, Maxwell taught Farmer the way to give Epstein a foot therapeutic massage. “He appeared, you recognize, to be having fun with it,” Farmer testified, including that he made “groaning noises.” Requested how she felt about it, Farmer mentioned, “I felt very uncomfortable. I didn’t wish to be touching his toes.” Maxwell then requested Farmer if she’d had knowledgeable therapeutic massage earlier than and supplied to provide her one. Farmer mentioned they went to her visitor room, the place Maxwell arrange a desk and advised her to get undressed. Farmer took off her garments and laid face down below a sheet earlier than Maxwell started rubbing her legs and making small speak. However, in accordance with Farmer, Maxwell then directed her to show over and pulled the sheet down earlier than groping her chest. Farmer mentioned she was “frozen” and wished “badly to get off of the desk and have this therapeutic massage be completed.” Farmer added that the door to the room was open and she or he sensed Epstein might see her.
Maxwell allegedly warned Epstein’s butler by no means to look him within the eyes
In a number of the trial’s most explosive testimony, Epstein’s former Palm Seashore butler Juan Alessi described how his tasks included cleansing up the financier’s therapeutic massage rooms, rinsing off intercourse toys and restocking them in Maxwell’s lavatory closet, which additionally held pornographic tapes and a “black vinyl or leather-based black” costume. He additionally stocked Epstein’s automobiles with hundred-dollar payments. (Victims together with Carolyn testified that Epstein paid her money in that denomination.)
Alessi testified that he noticed “many, many, many females” go to Epstein’s lair and sometimes noticed topless younger ladies lounging by the pool. He mentioned he knew two of Epstein’s younger guests have been underage on the time.
He additionally detailed how Maxwell ordered him and different employees to observe a 58-page “Family Handbook” with a seemingly endless checklist of tasks at Epstein’s Florida mansion, together with guaranteeing a gun was positioned within the bedside desk of the “main bedroom.” The booklet contained directives similar to “Keep in mind that you see nothing, hear nothing, say nothing, besides to reply a query directed at you.” Requested about this rule, Alessi testified, “It means a form of warning that I used to be speculated to be blind, deaf and dumb, to say nothing of their lies.” The doc’s orders additionally acknowledged: “Until in any other case instructed, NEVER disclose Mr. Epstein’s or Ms. Maxwell’s actions or whereabouts to anybody” and “Advise Ms. Maxwell of any unusual phone calls or enquiries.”
Alessi, who labored for Epstein from 1991 to 2002, mentioned the guide concerned an “unbelievable quantity of labor” and “was very degrading to me.” He mentioned Maxwell as soon as advised him by no means to look Epstein within the eyes when addressing him. The ex-house supervisor mentioned he sometimes labored from 5 a.m. to 9 or 10 p.m.—a job he later described as “slavery.”
When protection lawyer Jeff Pagliuca recommended not one of the feminine masseuses complained about being harm or coerced into doing something, Alessi replied, “No, they by no means did, however I want they’d have … as a result of I’d have completed one thing to cease it.”
Trump, Clinton and Mike Wallace have been amongst Epstein’s well-known buddies
Former Epstein pilot Larry Visoski named a number of VIPs who flew on the financier’s non-public jet, together with Donald Trump and Bill Clinton, Britain’s Prince Andrew, celebrity violinist Itzhak Perlman, actors Kevin Spacey and Chris Tucker, former senator George Mitchell, and former senator and astronaut John Glenn. Requested if Robert Kennedy Jr. took a jaunt on Epstein’s airplane, Visoski mentioned he didn’t recall.
The protection took pains to introduce different high-profile names, asking witnesses all through trial about Victoria’s Secret mogul Les Wexner, Manhattan billionaire couple Glenn and Eva Dubin—not too long ago below fireplace over their decades-long friendship with Epstein—and Maxwell’s former flame, multimillionaire Gateway co-founder Ted Waitt.
Jane mentioned Epstein and Maxwell typically bragged about high-powered buddies together with Trump, Clinton, and the late TV reporter Mike Wallace. “They’d kind of name-drop or generally put individuals on speakerphone whose voices I didn’t know after which say, ‘Oh, nicely, this was so-and-so,’” Jane advised jurors, including that the couple would “say that they have been very well-connected and prosperous.”
Jane added that in a go to to New York when she was 15, she sang “Glad Birthday” to Wallace at his eightieth party. Epstein additionally allegedly introduced her to Trump throughout a go to to his Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Seashore.
Carolyn believed Maxwell was as soon as pregnant
All through the trial, Maxwell’s authorized staff requested witnesses together with Visoski and fellow pilot David Rodgers about whether or not they’d ever seen the socialite pregnant earlier than. They mentioned no. The queries have been apparently an try to discredit Carolyn, who beforehand advised the federal government of seeing a photograph of an expectant Maxwell in Epstein’s Florida residence. When Pagliuca requested Carolyn in regards to the picture, she replied, “Nude and pregnant laying on the—” earlier than he minimize her off. “There was a number of footage, nude images,” Carolyn later added.
Epstein’s assistants have been Maxwell fan women
Two protection witnesses—former Epstein staff Cimberly Espinosa and Michelle Healy—shared glowing recollections of Maxwell. And whereas they each met the sufferer often called “Jane” within the Nineties, they testified that they believed she was an grownup.
Espinosa mentioned Epstein’s workplace initially employed her as a authorized assistant however that Maxwell rapidly recruited her to grow to be her full-time govt assistant. “I extremely revered Ghislaine,” Espinosa testified. “I regarded as much as her very a lot.” Espinosa added that she stored in contact with Maxwell even after leaving for an additional alternative in 2002, and that Maxwell bought her a job interview with Waitt and allowed her to remain at her London townhome three years in the past throughout a trip to Europe. (Espinosa, who hasn’t commented publicly about her ties to Epstein and Maxwell earlier than, was accused in a victim’s lawsuit of arranging Epstein’s “therapeutic massage” classes with a teenage sufferer in New York.)
Healy, who was a receptionist for Epstein from 1996 to 1999, mentioned that Jane “regarded like a grown-up to me” as a result of “she had plenty of make-up on.” Of Maxwell, Healy gushed that the socialite was a “unbelievable” boss. “She taught me lots,” Healy mentioned. “I revered her. She was powerful. However she was nice.”
Monetary data revealed Maxwell acquired tens of millions from Epstein
The federal government known as Patrick McHugh, an govt at JPMorgan, to testify about million-dollar transfers from Epstein to Maxwell. In October 1999, Epstein bought $18.3 million price of shares in a cash market fund, then transferred the money to one in every of Maxwell’s accounts. Financial institution data additionally confirmed Epstein wired $5 million to Maxwell in September 2002. In June 2007, in accordance with McHugh’s testimony, Epstein wired $7.4 million to an account for Maxwell. That account then transferred $7.35 million to an account for Air Ghislaine Inc., which wired the funds to Sikorsky Plane in Connecticut to purchase a helicopter.
Sarah Kellen, an alleged co-conspirator, was repeatedly named however by no means testified
When Epstein secured his controversial 2008 plea deal, the doc granted immunity to potential co-conspirators together with Sarah Kellen, Lesley Groff, Adriana Ross, and Nadia Marcinkova. From Day 1, nonetheless, Kellen’s identify has haunted the trial. In her opening remarks, Sternheim famous that Carolyn twice sued Epstein and Kellen however her grievance did not point out Maxwell. Visoski indicated he spoke to Kellen, an assistant for Epstein, probably the most when it got here to scheduling the financier’s flights. The protection additionally requested fellow pilot Rodgers whether or not Kellen took over as Epstein’s primary assistant in 2001. And when the feds offered proof of FedEx invoices, Kellen was listed because the sender of a package deal to underage Carolyn.
Throughout a charging convention on Saturday, protection lawyer Christian Everdell referred to people “who we usually might have thought of calling as a witness however who the federal government clearly might have charged, criminally, based mostly on the testimony we heard.
“And I gained’t identify names if we don’t wish to do this. However I believe we in all probability know who we’re speaking about right here,” Everdell continued. He mentioned that if “we tried to name that witness or these witnesses, they undoubtedly would have invoked their Fifth Modification rights.”
“I’m glad to say the identify,” Everdell mentioned. “It’s Sarah Kellen.”
Maxwell introduced she wouldn’t testify and once more proclaimed her innocence
On Friday, earlier than the protection rested its case, Nathan requested Maxwell whether or not she meant to testify: “I wish to just be sure you know that the choice whether or not to testify or not is your determination. You might be entitled to the very best recommendation of your attorneys in making this determination, however the determination is yours. Ms. Maxwell, do you perceive that?”
“Your Honor,” mentioned Maxwell, who stood up along with her attorneys, “the federal government has not confirmed its case past an affordable doubt; and so there isn’t a want for me to testify.”
Epstein’s Miss Sweden ex-girlfriend testified for Maxwell however couldn’t keep in mind a lot
Eva Andersson-Dubin, a former Miss Sweden and physician who dated Epstein within the Nineteen Eighties and early ’90s, was the protection’s penultimate witness final Friday. The choice to name Dubin raised eyebrows, as she and her billionaire husband Glenn confronted scrutiny over their ties to Epstein within the wake of his loss of life. The Dubins stood by Epstein after he pleaded responsible to soliciting a minor in Florida and served time in a Palm Seashore county jail. For many years, they welcomed Epstein round their kids, who known as him “Uncle F.”
Dubin testified that she didn’t recall assembly Jane or flying along with her on Epstein’s airplane. She additionally mentioned she by no means noticed troubling habits from Epstein towards minor women. However because the prosecution identified Dubin these days has encountered reminiscence issues due to a medical concern. “Generally I can’t keep in mind issues from final month,” Dubin advised jurors. “My household notices it.”
Different Epstein victims confirmed as much as watch the trial
A number of accusers who aren’t victims within the authorities’s case, together with Sarah Ransome, dropped in to look at from the federal courtroom’s overflow rooms, the place a video feed broadcasts the proceedings on laptop screens.
Lawyer Brad Edwards, who’s represented victims of the financier for greater than a decade, confirmed up with Jennifer Kalin, a girl who’s by no means advised her story about her 13 years of abuse whereas allegedly trapped in Epstein’s world. “Jen Kalin was enslaved in Epstein’s sex-trafficking group for 13 years, was pressured into a wedding, and is making an attempt to place her life collectively. She realizes persons are sticking their necks out and testifying and needs them to know they’re not alone,” Edwards advised The Day by day Beast.
“That is somebody who was primarily held captive for years within the trafficking operation,” Edwards added.
Maxwell’s household confirmed up, however not her secret husband
For her half, Maxwell hasn’t been with out assist. Her siblings, Kevin and Isabel, have been within the entrance row alongside her buddy and lawyer Leah Saffian. Kevin Maxwell addressed a flock of press outdoors the courthouse within the trial’s first week, saying, “Personally it gave me an incredible sense of reduction to be near her, to really be capable of see her within the flesh, even to have the ability to communicate along with her.”
Kevin then referenced his household’s grievance filed with the United Nations final month over her circumstances at Brooklyn’s Metropolitan Detention Middle. “We respect the prison justice system and course of on this nation and because of this we’re not going to make any additional feedback while attending courtroom,” Kevin mentioned.
Maxwell’s supposed husband Scott Borgerson was nowhere to be seen. The Daily Mail reported he’s been noticed with a brand new love curiosity as an alternative: a 49-year-old yoga teacher and native journalist in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts.
Authorities launched never-before-seen images of Epstein’s houses—and of Maxwell giving him a foot rub mid-flight
Dozens of presidency displays supplied an inside have a look at Epstein’s mansions in Palm Seashore and New York, with photographs of therapeutic massage rooms, intercourse toys, paintings and framed pictures of younger ladies all through his workplace. Many images depicted Epstein and Maxwell in happier days, hugging and kissing and even posing on the “lunch hut” at Queen Elizabeth’s Balmoral Castle. However some photographs have been creepy, exhibiting Maxwell giving Epstein’s naked toes a therapeutic massage on his non-public jet, as their buddy and accused predator Jean-Luc Brunel appears to be like on. Throughout summations on Monday, prosecutor Alison Moe mentioned one picture confirmed “Maxwell massaging Epstein’s foot along with her breasts.” In one other image, apparently launched to the jury however not the general public, Maxwell and Epstein have been nude in a swimming pool.
Maxwell’s lawyer blurted out victims’ actual names in courtroom
Gasps have been heard within the courtroom’s overflow rooms when protection lawyer Jeff Pagliuca, whereas cross-examining Alessi, mentioned Jane’s actual first identify in courtroom. The federal government instantly known as for a sidebar, throughout which, in accordance with courtroom transcripts, Pagliuca mentioned his supposed blunder was “utterly unintentional.”
Prosecutor Maureen Comey then mentioned, “Your Honor, provided that Mr. Pagliuca represented that he had ready to cross-examine this witness on this testimony, I believe we have to have a plan going ahead for a way to verify this doesn’t occur once more as a result of, clearly, Mr. Pagliuca had not ready sufficient.”
“The witness herself did the identical factor. It occurs,” Decide Nathan answered. “My notion was that it was an accident.”
Pagliuca then vowed, “It gained’t occur once more.”
However in a while within the trial, Pagliuca mentioned the final identify of the sufferer Carolyn, maybe twice. A Day by day Beast reporter heard him say her surname after lunch on Dec. 7, whereas a reporter for Inside Metropolis Press documented one other blurt of the sufferer’s identify hours earlier.
Maxwell allegedly wrote a third-person essay about her relationship with Epstein
After the feds seized exhausting drives present in Epstein’s Manhattan residence, they found a trove of Phrase paperwork created by a person named “max.” One file created in October 2002 was a 3rd particular person essay about Epstein and Maxwell’s romance.
Throughout closing arguments, Moe quoted from the narrative, which learn: “Jeffrey and Ghislaine have been collectively, a pair, for the final 11 years. They’re, opposite to what many individuals suppose, hardly ever aside—I nearly all the time see them collectively…” The doc concluded: “Jeffrey and Ghislaine praise one another very well and I can’t think about one with out the opposite. On high of being nice companions they’re additionally the very best of buddies.”
“A pair for eleven years. Nice companions. Hardly ever aside. Better of buddies. Does that sound like a private assistant compartmentalized from Jeffrey Epstein’s life?” Moe advised jurors, including: “If you’re with somebody for 11 years, you recognize what they like. Epstein favored underage women. He favored to the touch underage women. Maxwell knew it.”
Protection lawyer Laura Menninger, nonetheless, argued that different individuals had entry to Maxwell’s laptop. “What on earth makes the federal government suppose that Ghislaine Maxwell was writing an essay about herself within the third particular person with Jeffrey Epstein?” she mentioned.
The FBI, Menninger added, desires “to only say, ‘That is Ghislaine Maxwell’s doc as a result of it’s bought her identify within the metadata. Please.”
Epstein lavished items on his former pilot, whose daughters rode horses with Maxwell
Visoski testified that Epstein gave him 40 acres of land from his 10,000-acre New Mexico ranch property so he might construct a home. “And he did not cost you for that land?” Everdell requested, to which Visoski replied, “No, he didn’t.” Visoski additionally mentioned he has two daughters, whose non-public highschool and school tuition have been funded by Epstein.
“So honest to say that Epstein took an curiosity in seeing your younger daughter succeed, isn’t that proper?” Everdell continued. Visoski answered, “That is right. He believed in greater schooling,” and later confirmed he didn’t consider Epstein, nor Maxwell, had any ulterior motives with regard to his kids. Visoski mentioned his teen and preteen daughters hung out with Maxwell on Epstein’s New Mexico property they usually went horseback driving collectively.
Visoski claimed he would have stop his job, which he held from 1991 to 2019, had he identified Epstein preyed on underage women. Requested about Jane, Visoski testified that he by no means thought she was underage. He mentioned when he met her, she was “only a mature lady with some piercing powder blue eyes.”